Kathmandu is the capital and large city in Nepal, Historically known as city of pagoda style teples and Buddhist stupa dotted around the kathmandu city. Ancient temples in medival atmosphere sit side by side with internet cafes. Travelers, Students and researchers can be visit there major durbaar square site and the Buddhist temple swyambhunath (monkey temple). Bouddhanath and pashupatinath one of the holistic hindu shrines and cremated places. This city a cultural hub is the center of various multi-attractions for all Nepal visitors (old blends with new ways welcome to Kathmandu).
Kathmandu valley houses a number of museum and art galleries displaying art work of the past and present.”
The place, which bleds cultural vigor with morden facilities possible on earth is place liked by tourists been here. The place has more to offer and it is not only administrative capital of the country but to the fullest extended capital of traditional culture and physical resources. Old blends with new ways welcome to kathmandu.
When this temple was founded about 2000 years ago, Kathmandu valley was filled with a great lake. According to Buddhist legend, a single perfect lotus grew in the center of the lake. When the bodhisattva Manjusri drained the lake with a slash of his swored. The lotus flower settled on top of the hill and magically transformed into the stupa. Thus it is known as the self-created (swayambhu) stupa.
The earliest written record of the swayambhunath stupa’s existence is a 5th century stone inscription, but scholars belive there was probably a shrine here as early as the 1st centurry. Even before that, it is likely that animist rites took place on this hill. swayambhunath is one of Nepal’s oldest Buddhist temples and it has an ancient atmosphere especially when one approaches on foot with the pilgrims.
The two main festivals celebrated at swayambhunath are Buddha Jayanti ( in Apri or May) and losar ( in February or March). During these times, many pilgrims visit the temple and the monks create a lotus pattern on the stupa with saffron-colored point. Also important is the month-long Gunla celebration ( Auguet or september) marking the end of the rainy season.
Numerous religious building are also located on the eastern bank of bagmati, most of them are devoted to lord shiva. The majority of these buildings are small single storey constrctions made from stone. From the outside these building are reminding crypts but in reality these are sacral buildings, created for holding the symbol of the deith shiva lingam ( erect phallus ). Lingams can be found all over the complex.
Along the right bank of Bagmati numerous platforms for funeral pyres are built. The cremations on these platforms are a common activity. Usually tourists have the chance to see at least one open air cremation. The majority of religious rituals are culturally unusual thing in pashupatinath is the specific smell of cremated bodies unlike any expectation.
The smell has nothing in common with the smell of decaying flesh, but rather reminds the smell of clabber mixed with different spices. Another culturally shocking thing in pashupatinath is the image of local women washing clothes downstream the river. The water of Bagmati contain animal fat because of the ashes of cremated shiva followers and easily wash the dirt from linen. It is believed that this is how the soap was invented. As far as shiva is considered the patron of animals and all living organisms, monkeys and deers are wandering all around the temple complex on both banks of Bagmati. Monkeys are very often unfriendly, they beg for food, Snatch things from careless tourists and may aven be dangerous. It is also very common to meet sadhus in pashupatinath. Sadhus are wandering ascetic yogis, who are trying to acquire liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth by meditating.
They have very unique appearance with specific yellow paintings on their bodies.
Kathmandu, Nepal it is located on the north eastern rim of the kathmandu valley at an elevation close to 6,800 feet above see level. It is on of the most scenic sports in the region, renowned for it’s sun rise and sunset views of the Himalayas. You can see pick Mt. Everest out with its snow-topped peaks on a clear day as there is an observation tower at the very top of the village’s hills. Nagarkot historically, used to serve as the summer retreat for the royal family and many others aristoerats from kathmandu. While the town offers great views of the mountains there are few monasteries or temples . However the Nagarkot makes for a good short hike, one in which you walk on the ridge of the village. It has also popular destination for mountain bikers.
How to reach there?
Tourist buses and private vehicle it is best to travel by private hire cars to nagarkot tourist shuttle buses also operate from the lainchour near by tourist hub of Thamel. It should take about 40 minute and from the city center, about an hour. A scenic drive via the ancient city of bhaktapur and tiny village along meandering. Road is a journey by itself, before arriving at nagarkot.
Things to see:-
Nagarkot is surrounded by thickly forested hills of pine trees which give you an idyllic escape-with only the wind and the sound of rustling leaves to distrub you. It is a rustic resort high on the northern fringe of the kathmandu valley. It is an outstanding hilltop that offers great views of himalayas, breathtaking mountain seenery and the most impressive views of sunrise and sunset. From Nagarkot one see the breathtaking views of the major himalayan peaks of Nepal like Manaslu, Ganesh himal, Langtang, dorjelakpa, choyu, gaurisankar, etc on a clear crystal day. One can even see the tip of Mt. Everest (8848m) from here many tourists go to nagarkot at afternoon, stay at one of the resorts to view early morning sunrise over the mountains.
Nagarkot, an internationally renowned resort set on the edge of the kathmandu valley close to the city of devotees, Bhaktapur is undoubtedly
Kathmandu Durbaar Square
Kathmandu durbaar square is one of the important historic and tourist destination in Nepal. This massive complex is home to palaces, temples and courtyards. The original center of kathmandu is often named as Basantapur, Hanuman Dhoka or Durbaar square all denoting the same location kathmandu durbaar square has various historical royal and governmental institutions mixed with temples of different styles and ages. It may seem a little bit crowded with lots of buildings and temples built around on a very small area. This historical attraction has been declared a UNESCO world heritage site and you will certainly want to include a tour of the area in the itinerary.
Most of the cultural centers of Nepal are concentrated around the Kathmadu valley among those cultural sites, the important one is the hanuman dhoka. Durbaar square. The name Hanuman dhoka Durbaar came from the statue of Hanuman established by the king pratap malla at the entrance of the royal palace in 1672 A.D. storeyed residence built by king prithivi Narayan shah in 1770, is called Basantapur Durbar the whole complex is also known as kathmandu Durbar square. Located at the heart of ancient city in Kathmandu it is srounding both hindu and Buddhist temple.
The Durbaar square are is actually made up of two sub areas. The outer complex is renowed for numerous interesting temples as kumari Ghar, Kastmandap, shiv parbati temple, Jagannath temple, Big Bell etc, while the inner complex comprises the old palace area, Hanuman dhoka and its courtyards as Nasal choke, Mul choke, Sundari choke, Basantapur Durbaar and other. Beside the magnificent temples and shrines, it has other interesting aspects are various festivals, cultural activities and traditions people are following from centuries, which are presented in the durbaar square.
The Changu Narayan Temple
Old as old itself
Changunarayan is one of the oldest and most significant sites in the kathmandu valley, dating from before the 4th century and classified as one of the seven UNESCO world hritagesite in Kathmandu valley. Situated four kilometers from Bhaktapur, the 4th centure two-tiered changunarayan temple has always been belived to be the oldest temple in the valley, But according to kathmandu valley preservation trust the oldest pagoda type temple in the valley is the sulima Ratnesvara temple in sulima, Patan, however, leaving this aside, an inscription on a stone pillar ( Garuda dhwaja) dating back to 464 A.D. in Changunarayan temple, is Nepal’s oldest stone inscription.
” The temple of changunarayan was originally built in the 4th century during the lichhavi Dynasty. It was rebullit in 1702 after a major fire occurred.”
The changunarayan temple is a double roofed temple dedicant to lord vishnu in his incarnation as Narayan. The temple is decorated with ten incarnations of the Narayan . stone lions guard all the four doors of the temple.
Garuda, Half man and half bird is the vehicle of lord vishunu. A life size stone statue of Garuda kneels in front of the west face of the temple. There is an inscription stone behind the statue. The inscription provides important information on the lichhivi dynasty and on the history of kathmandu valley. infront of the temples main entrance in a ornate cage, three are smallar statues of king Bhupatindra Malla and his queen.
Bouddhanath stupa, Kathmandu
Bouddhanath stupa is seven KM east of the downtown Kathmandu. It is Nepal’s most distinetive monuments. Simple, massiveand powerful, it rise above the number of buildings, the painted eyes gazing solemuly over the countryside. Stupas are essential to Buddhism as the cross is to christianity a tangible symbol of the Buddha’s enlight end mind. With a diameter exceeding 100 meters and a wall to wall length roughly equaling a football field, Bouddha is among the largest stupa in the world certainly the biggest in Nepal. The monument rises 36 meters above the street. The form and the alternated squares and circles represents a three dimensional mandala, which is comprised of abstract religious concepts. Every portation has symbolic significance the base dome, square harmika, spire, and pinnacle represent the five elements the 13 tiers of the spire stand for the stages to enlightment, while the umbrella atop is the symbol of royalty.
Bouddhanath is both an eye of calm within capitals dusty pandemonium and a sancutary of Tibetan Buddhist culture a mid a nation dominated by NepalHindus. Throughout its narrow streets, You can see posters of smiling Dalai Lama, Tibetan folk medicine stores, traditional astisans workshops, and restaurants serving everything from yak-cheese to everest brand beer.
The painted, bow-shaped eyes of Bouddhanath are variously described as mysterious, indifferent compassioinate and knowing the Buddhist stupa of Bouddhanath dominates the skyline. The ancient stupa is one of the largest from china has seen the construction of over 50 Tibetan Gompas ( Monastery) around Bouddhanath. As of 1979, Bouddhanath is a UNESCO world heritage site. Along with swayambhunath, it is one of the most popular tourist sites in the Kathmandu area.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan the city of beauty is situated on the southern bank of the holy river Bagmati ( a tributary of the Ganges) some five kilometers southeast of Kathmandu. Nowadays, it has virtually become part of sub metropolitan Kathmandu. The city is famed for its wealth of Buddhist and hindu temples with an abundance of fine bronze gateways and wonderful carvings. Patan is known for its expert craftsmen and metal workers.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur is the city of devotees and is renowned for its elegant art, culture and colorful festivals. It is 13 km outside Kathmandu and lies on the eastern side of the Tibetan trade route. Bhaktapur is situated at an altitude of 1401 meters from see level. The city is shaped like a conch shell, one3 of emblems of the god Vishnu. Bhaktapur was the capital of greater malla kingdom until the second half of the 15th century. This is the more preserved and restored city compared to patan and Kathmandu. The old name of the city is bhadgoan that means, “rice city” some sightseeing places in Bhaktapur.
The main square of the city contains innumerable temples and other architectural showpieces like the lion gate the status of king Bhupendra malla, the picture gallery, the golden gate, the palace of 55 windows, the batsala temple and the bell of barking dogs, etc.
There is many place and temple to see in Bhaktapur like the national are gallery, the golden gate, the palace of 55 windows, Nyatapola temple, Bhairavnath temple, dattatraya temple, changunarayan temple and nagarkot.